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JAMMU & KASHMIR INFORMATION

Area 20.36 sq.kms
Altitude 305 m
Temperature
Summer
Winter
Max         Min
43.0 C      23.4 C
26.2 C      4.3 C
Rainfall 107 cms (July to September).
Best Season September to April.
Clothing Summer: light cottons
Winter: woollens
Population 6,98,674 (as per Census 2001)
Languages Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English

A Legend
A land of grand ancient temples, and beautiful palaces, all nestling in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is said that, on becoming King, the Suryavanshi Jambu Lochan went on a hunt and, crossing the Tawi, found a deer and a tiger drinking water from the same tank. His ministers explained that this meant that the soil of the place was so virtuous that no living creature bore enmity against another.

Raja Jambu Lochan, who lived in the later Vedic period, decided to found his capital , Jambupura, on his soil, on the right bank of the Tawi, overlooking his brother king Bahu's fort. Today the temple of Maha Kali, better known as "Bahu" or "Bawey Wali Mata", located in the Bahu Fort, is considered second only to Mata Vaishno Devi in terms of mystical power. The present temple was built shortly after the coronation of Maharaja Gulab Singh, in 1822. The existing fort, as well as the Manasabdar's palace inside it, was constructed in 1820.


History
Legend has it that Jamboo Loochen founded the city about three thousand years ago. The Raja was hunting in the area, away from his capital city of Bahu when he came across a lion and a goat drinking from the same pond. The Shivadawala Shrine now stands on this spot in the city. Jammu is known as 'the city of temples' because of its many shrines, with their soaring golden spires or 'Shikhars'.

Bahu Fort & Gardens

Situated 5 kms away from the city centre, Bahu Fort stands on a rock face on the left bank of the river Tawi. Perhaps the oldest fort and edifice in the city, it was constructed originally by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago.
The existing fort was more recently improved upon and extended by the Dogra rulers. Inside, there is a temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. An extensive terraced garden, known as Bagh-e-Bahu, has been developed around the fort.

Mahamaya Temple and City Forest

On the bypass Road, behind Bahu Fort, the city forest surrounds the ancient Mahamaya temple overlooking the river Tawi. A small garden surrounded by acres of woods provides the best view of the city.

Mubarak Mandi Palace

The oldest buildings in this palace complex date back to 1824. The architecture is a blend of Rajasthani, Mughal and even baroque elements. The most stunning segment is the Sheesh Mahal. "The Pink Hall" houses the Dogra Art Museum which has miniature paintings of the various Hill Schools.

There are many other shrines and temples around the city and environs that date from earlier years but the recorded history of Jammu begins from the time of the Dogra rulers in the early 19th century. In 1846 the Dogra ruler of Jammu was created Maharaja of an ill-defined Himalayan kingdom, 'to the eastward of the river Indus and westward of the river Ravi', by the treaties of Lahore and Amritsar at the conclusion of the first Sikh war.

Vaishno Devi Tour Package    Hotels in Jammu

 

Trekking in Kashmir | Trekking in Ladakh | Sightseeing in Srinagar | Snow Skiing | Houseboats | Amarnath Trek


General Information - Maps of Kashmir - Getting There - Jammu Information 
Hotels in Jammu - Srinagar Tours - Hotels in Srinagar - Pahalgam Tours 
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- Gulmarg Tours - Hotels in Gulmarg  - Sonamarg Tours  Hotels in Sonamarg - Houseboats in Srinagar - Trekking in Kashmir
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Vaishno Devi Tour Package  - Trekking in Ladakh   
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Kashmir Tour Package  - Kashmir Special Tour Package  - Paradise of Earth Glimpses Of Srinagar  - Leh Packages - The Land of Last Shangri-la 
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