A land of grand ancient temples, and beautiful palaces, all
nestling in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is said that, on
becoming King, the Suryavanshi Jambu Lochan went on a hunt and,
crossing the Tawi, found a deer and a tiger drinking water from
the same tank. His ministers explained that this meant that the
soil of the place was so virtuous that no living creature bore
enmity against another.
Raja Jambu Lochan, who lived in the later Vedic period, decided to
found his capital , Jambupura, on his soil, on the right bank of
the Tawi, overlooking his brother king Bahu's fort. Today the
temple of Maha Kali, better known as "Bahu" or "Bawey
Wali Mata", located in the Bahu Fort, is considered second
only to Mata Vaishno Devi in terms of mystical power. The present
temple was built shortly after the coronation of Maharaja Gulab
Singh, in 1822. The existing fort, as well as the Manasabdar's
palace inside it, was constructed in 1820.
Legend has it that Jamboo Loochen founded the city about three
thousand years ago. The Raja was hunting in the area, away from
his capital city of Bahu when he came across a lion and a goat
drinking from the same pond. The Shivadawala Shrine now stands on
this spot in the city. Jammu is known as 'the city of temples'
because of its many shrines, with their soaring golden spires or 'Shikhars'.
Fort & Gardens
5 kms away from the city centre, Bahu Fort stands on a rock face
on the left bank of the river Tawi. Perhaps the oldest fort and
edifice in the city, it was constructed originally by Raja
Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago.
The existing fort was more recently improved upon and extended by
the Dogra rulers. Inside, there is a temple dedicated to the Hindu
goddess Kali. An extensive terraced garden, known as Bagh-e-Bahu,
has been developed around the fort.
Temple and City Forest
bypass Road, behind Bahu Fort, the city forest surrounds the
ancient Mahamaya temple overlooking the river Tawi. A small garden
surrounded by acres of woods provides the best view of the city.
oldest buildings in this palace complex date back to 1824. The
architecture is a blend of Rajasthani, Mughal and even baroque
elements. The most stunning segment is the Sheesh Mahal.
"The Pink Hall" houses the Dogra Art Museum which
has miniature paintings of the various Hill Schools.
There are many other shrines and temples around the city and
environs that date from earlier years but the recorded history of
Jammu begins from the time of the Dogra rulers in the early 19th
century. In 1846 the Dogra ruler of Jammu was created Maharaja of
an ill-defined Himalayan kingdom, 'to the eastward of the river
Indus and westward of the river Ravi', by the treaties of Lahore
and Amritsar at the conclusion of the first Sikh war.
Devi Tour Package Hotels in Jammu